Iced: The Story of Organized Crime in Canada


Over 400 years of organized crime; from pirates off the Atlantic coast; outlaws, smugglers, bank robbers and horse thieves in the wild west; opium traffickers and white slave traders of the early 20th century; bootleggers during the era of prohibition; to the Italian mafia, outlaw motorcycle gangs, Chinese triads, and Colombian cocaine “cowboys.”

Meticulously researched from thousands of sources, including material never uncovered or published before, this book is over 20 years in the making.

Iced is not just a book about organized crime, it is an alternative history of Canada that dispels the myths of our historically-nurtured law-abiding nature (organized crime has a long history in Canada and is embedded in many of our most enduring political and economic institutions). It is also embedded in the culture of Canada and Canadians.

Stephen Schneider is one of Canada’s leading scholars in the field of organized crime.